If you are able to identify your stone, it helps to determine the best way possible to clean and care for it. Because your stone will show normal wear-and-tear as you use it, taking care of it properly is key to maintaining its natural beauty.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock (formed by the disintegration of organic matter) composed predominantly of a calcium carbonate but may contain traces of iron, magnesium and fossils or shell formations. It is generally a shade of tan or gray and is relatively consistent in color with little or no veining. It may show traces of fossils, pit holes, iron spots and streaks of calcite. Limestone will not normally achieve a deep, mirror-like shine. The most common types of limestone used are soft and can scratch easily. To help maintain limestone, keep it sealed, avoid dragging anything on the surface, and use felt pads on the bottom of furniture.
Travertine is also a sedimentary rock that is close in chemical composition to limestone. It is a medium-density, porous material with a pitted surface that is usually filled and sealed for increased durability, though it can be left unfilled for a more natural look. The finish can be polished or honed. Because travertine is a porous stone, it is sensitive to acids and can etch. To help maintain travertine, keep it sealed and wipe spills immediately.
Marble is a metamorphic rock (formed by igneous and/or sedimentary rock subjected to heat, pressure or chemical reactions) consisting mainly of calcite or calcium in a compact crystalline form with definite cleavage or faces that reflect light. It comes in a variety of colors from light to dark, usually with veins of other colors running through it. It ranges from soft to very hard and can polish to a high-shine finish. Marble is porous like travertine, so it is also susceptible to acids and can etch. To help maintain marble, keep it sealed and wipe spills immediately.
Granite is an igneous rock (formed by solidified molten matter) composed mainly of feldspars, quartz, mica and hornblende. Granite has no calcium content. Most granites have little or no veining and have solid backgrounds covered with shiny speckles or flecks of crystals throughout the surface. It is not affected by most acids so it should not etch. It is also very dense and hard, and does not scratch easily. To help maintain granite, keep it sealed to help prevent staining.
For additional care tips for your marble, granite, travertine, terrazzo or other natural stone and grout, please visit our Care Tips page! If you have additional questions or would like to schedule a free estimate with one of our stone care experts, please contact us today!